take back the future
“Take back the future” is the keyword that popped up while reading different documents and communications coming from the very active independent Brazilian networks that have been serving Singular Technologies in association with spaces of resistance, we mean intentional and contextual technologies. “The concepts of Third-TechnoScape and Singular Technologies stem from the need to characterize daily practice by citizen groups that deploy their successful institutional arrangements and affordances under the radar and outside the competency of traditional institutions. Both concepts do not try to define any tangible essence, but rather articulate social dynamics of the studied groups.” We qualify these social dynamics as the unique relation that technological processes emerge from. Decentralized technological infrastructures are diverse, they develop along different paths, and Singular Technologies multiply across the world, their hybridization with a community or a place, settles a space of resistance, another relation technology. The uniqueness of those Brazilian projects reside in their alliance with communities, in a hybrid trans-disciplinary methodology at a determined moment of Brazil’s politics.
As it appears that the dominant centralized corporate technological model, deploys a monopolistic power over our communication infrastructure, resulting in the argument of scale often opposed to decentralized free software and independent projects, opposing them that they are underdeveloped and cannot face the competition of tech giants. However, in this article we will approach this issue with a different perspective addressing how Singular Technologies converge with community organization creating a unique terrain for identity construction, resistance, expression and solidarity, that contrast with the dominant perspective that takes for granted the superiority of proprietary technology development, where the latter cannot create anything like the initiatives under focus. From a feminist perspective these initiatives address the necessary engagement with context and express consideration given to the tool. A Feminist Epistemology considers necessary principles of intra-action (Barad) looking for apparatuses that are conceived in situation opening ways for contextual interaction. This article will focus on “knowledges” brought by otherwise left behind social groups. These groups do not necessarily come from a minority but, as they exist under several axis of oppression, might form a divergent viewpoint and are thus generally not considered.
This analysis will present the history of important projects in free software that built infrastructure for specific communities in Brazil, and work to understand the horizontal and emerging spaces they have help to build, within capitalist society. In the light of the very important historical Manifesto Antropófago  we will consider their antropophagist organization. The research problem we will explore concerns the question of the role and place of digital activism in the Brazilian context, and how a Third-Technoscape emerges from an anti-colonial position and cultural narrative re-appropriation, leading to the invention of Singular Technologies. We will focus on how local “knowledges” of oppressed Brazilian groups are translated into the formation of computer networks and technologies that create infrastructure for Afrobrazilian communities. this research will focus on 3 projects Metaracyclagem, Baobaxia, Technochamanism (Tcnxsm). Those 3 projects expand in time from the beginning of the 2000’s to actual Brazil, they were especially active and dynamic during the first decenial of the century as there was explicit support to independant systems of communication.
Baobaxia associates specific cultural and traditional notions of communication to the idea of a digital network aiming to characterize it as a tool belonging to its community composed and formulated as such, and moreover as a instrument of resistance: “Uma Rede de Servidores Locais - a roda de conversa com o tema Baobáxia na Rota dos Baobás” 
Baobáxia has implemented with Rede Mocambos more than 200 servers, a rota dos baobabs (“the route of baobabs”) in Brazilian Quilombos  all over the country, implementing a Git-based decentralized free software, that functions as an eventually connected network, allowing the communities to share their media and information independently. Each implementation of a mucua (node of the network named after the fruit of the Baobab) is assorted to a community oriented workshop, presenting and sharing the technology in a horizontal model.
Metareciclagem is a network that was active mostly between 2002 and 2012, who got important for the governmental project of puntos da cultura, and was also linked to the protest movement lixo electronico both projects were co.founded by Felipe Fonseca. Metareciclagem has organised the creative upcycling and reuse of discarded computers to the benefit of a number of citizen groups, promoting not only free software but mostly creative appropriation of electronics as “Gambiarra” (Fonseca, 2015) by reusing, recreating, coloring, or any other mean people could think of.
Tcnxsm is another network that positions itself in resistance, it is dystopian and pessimistic, but yet entropic as it resonates creating noise in this dystopian future, take back the future. Tcnxsm is a network, that builds from existing projects, targeted towards autonomy but considering autonomy as a pathway a process that never really achieves since everything is always connected.“ Technoshamanism is neither the beginning nor the end, it is a medium.” Tcnxsm is a space of articulation, a network, (Borges 2017).
In this research we will concentrate on the conceptualization of those Singular Technologies and their specific ideological approach, starting from a long term observation of the projects in perspective, a personal connection to their participants in Brazil and via autonomous free-software European networks such as Bricolabs, and also an analysis of the important documentation recorded on the projects websites and wiki, where participatory methodology of development has been carefully documented.
Indeed all three projects are related, as they are intertwined to a specific moment of Brazilian history where support was given to free software and multidimensional cultural projects by the former ministry of culture, Gilberto Gil (who is also famous musician, and a key figure of Tropicalia avant-garde movement of the 60’s), however they do not happen and continue existing exactly in the same ways, and they also each have specific relations to Europe, among other places via the transnational network Bricolabs.
Hybridity is their main characterization and strength, all come from the cross breeding of a culture of resistance manifesting itself through language, cultural appropriation, a spiritual quest and a desire for independent infrastructure. As we will go we will observe how they successfully put in practice the savage tradition of absorbing, cannibalizing occidental technologies, taking back the future by “rooting technology” a double-entendre: first, “rooting” as in growing roots, with reference to locality ; then, “rooting” as the hacker jargon for gaining privileged access to a system, here: re-appropriating technology production., and acknowledging ancient history, this in the scope of those project implies several levels of action, that this analyse will group in 2 parts:
Using appropriate language for their projects Baobaxia, Tcnxsm, and Metareciclagem have treated a dedicated language for their technologies and technological practice, a language they dream more appropriate because it fits better their knowledges and conception of communication.
Cultural coherence, Those three projects present on the cultural coherence of their appropriation of technology insisting that this is the essential meaning of taking back the future as it associate contemporary technology to ancestral knowledges. resulting in the construction of a specific Infrastructure, Third Technoscape understood as an active pathway.
 Petites Singularités “Singular Technologies and the Third-Technoscape” JOPP (Journal of Peer production)#11 city, February 2018, http://peerproduction.net/editsuite/issues/issue-11-city/experimental-format/singular-technologies-the-third-technoscape/
 Oswald de Andrade, Manifesto Antropófago, Em Piratininga, Ano 374 da Deglutição do Bispo Sardinha, (Revista de Antropofagia, Ano I, No. I, maio de 1928.) http://www.ufrgs.br/cdrom/oandrade/oandrade.pdf
The movement has started at the beginning of the 2000, a little bit before Lula’s presidency where he appointed Gilberto Gil, active participant to the Tropicalism movement, (an important critical cultural movement of the 60’s in Brazil) as ministry of culture. At this moment in time, worldwide, there was a desire to “bridge the digital gap” and bring connectivity “everywhere”; in Brazil, the size of the territory, the importance of every specific knowledge, the number of the communities, made for a very unique terrain to develop connectivity. In the supportive political context, free software was promoted in the context of “Puntos da Cultura”, a program to bring connectivity in remote communities through dedicated sites. Involved in this challenging movement Metareciclagem, and Baobaxia contributed to the program, among others with Casa da Cultura de Taína, developing Gambiarra computing and decentralized “eventually connected networks” all over the country. We will be looking at the organizational choices of they made, and consider their position as one of resistance, acknowledging that the systemic support they received is negligible compare to tha one receive by any major company.
LANGUAGE a PROCESS of ABSORPTION
As N K Hayles has framed it: “Language alone is no longer the distinctive characteristic of technologically developed societies; rather it is language plus code”, she calls this: regimes of computation. Therefore she claims, language analysis and critic needs to embed technology in the different ways that it materializes. In Brazil, Singular Technologies have an anthropófagic approach, they manage to achieve a differentiated formulation of key concepts about networks and digital technologies, both by renaming the concepts and the elements of the network and reorganizing the network itself, to a decentralized model, as well as the code and its modalities.
Relatedly, Pohlhaus (2012) has argued that marginalized subjects are in a better position to notice gaps in our collective epistemic resources in order to properly describe and conceptualize the experiences of those who are socially oppressed. "I develop an understanding of willful hermeneutic ignorance, which occurs when dominantly situated knowers refuse to acknowledge epistemic tools developed from the experienced world of those situated marginally. Such refusals allow dominantly situated knowers to misunderstand, misinterpret, and/or ignore whole parts of the world " 
Singular Technologies share modalities that do not only differ in their organization and coding language. A Technoscape as other landscapes, qualifies from many different points of view, as in technology, language is a specific part of those many aspects, as well as other forms of cultural significance such as time place/localization, the projects we study here are built from the concepts of “situated knowers”, every element comes from principles that are key to those who relate to the Technologies, they also significantly rename concepts and tools, transforming the relation to technology in a community centered process, a Singular Technology eventually forming a 3rd Technoscape.
The Baobaxia project is rooted in a specific the use of ancestral knowledges and concepts by communities pertaining to Rede Mocambos: a network of Quilombos. Quilombos are communities of African seized people that resisted to Portuguese and European slavery and culture. The presentation of the project on Baobaxia website begins by a complete renaming of all the elements composing a network, this renaming is essential to the structure of the project, it is based on a language that is true to the Quilombos organization, functioning as building blocks to the service of their resistance carried over the centuries. The project’s wiki, serves as the main documentation tool for the project, umerous workshops events technical meetings, reports, funding quests etc… are reported, including report of the assemblies, one can read:
“Alguns dos temas das rodas de conversa foram os Princípios e Reflexões sobre a Rede Mocambos - neste momento as falas foram orientadas em torno do nome Mocambos e da tecnologia do tambor; a forma de organização do Quilombo dos Palmares era em Mocambos, assim chamavam suas moradias. Outro elemento simbólico, o Baobá, esteve no meio da roda; a filosofia do Baobá e do tambor são centrais na Rede Mocambos: estão a serviço da humanidade, oferecem sentido ao mundo e fortalecem um compromisso político: nunca mais deixar de lutar.”
Felipe Fonseca who was central to Metareciclagem, also proposed to rework language. He used the popular concept of “Gambiarra”(Fonseca, 2015), meaning refurbishing, in a unique and creative popular environment. Specifically he meant: creatively appropriating devices otherwise discarded by the mainstream products, an idea that was later grabbed in the upcycling movement. However, not only did “Gambiarra” meant repairing and enhancing objects and machines, but doing so thanks to collective effort, in communities and free software, invention and creativity. Here again the choice of the term “Gambiarra” is not hazardous but corresponds to a valorization of popular Brazilian culture that creatively deals with material defections, therefore adds intimate and personal value to objects, and most importantly integrates this process in a social and community based process.
As Hayles explores the impact of code on everyday life, she argues that it has become comparable to that of speech and writing: language and code have grown more entangled, the lines that once separated humans from machines, analog from digital, and old technologies from new ones have become blurred. While this can be seen as a colonization of everyday life led by major telecommunication companies, Singular Technologies engage in activating differently this space of knowledge. In this prospect, the claim raised by Fabi Borges, main researcher of the Tecnoshamanism (Tcnxsm) network, to practice Ancestrofuturismo (Borges 2016), is bridging the timeline from ancestral knowledges to actual technological practice. In the Tcnxsm network, Fabi Borges asserts shamanism as a technology of knowledge production based on ancestral models of communication. She argues that Tcnxsm builds on these ancestral technologies of communication, and pairs them to contemporary digital technologies. In order to reach her purpose she looks for entropic interferences and noise that recombine to bring forth a “Shamanic Ontology” to technological production rather then as she calls it “Capitalist Ontology”. She says “and it is entropic because it inhabits this paradoxical set of forces and maintains an improbable noise – its perpetual noisecracy, its state of disorganization and insecurity is continuous and is constantly recombining itself.” (Borges, 2016) She brings this recombination of language to the larger scope of concepts, and ontologies, affirming a resistance across time and places, in a hybrid process that inhabits many spaces.
All 3 projects are active in decolonizing language, a process they run in parallel to decolonization of technology, the later is characterized by the use of free software and decentralized infrastructure, this analysis will be developed further. Both processes are complimentary, constitutive and intrinsic to the project, it feels that such a throughout process cannot be justified by the sole necessity to respond to a lack of infrastructure, or a specific situation of some isolated communities. On the contrary, these projects are born from an encompassing tentative to remodel technology from needs and knowledges of these communities and they have developed unique hybrid infrastructures where social organization actively differs from existing social organization of technologies, led by monopolistic corporations. All three networks build Singular Technologies of resistance, creating space for a third Technoscape that is activated by the communities, their knowledges, through an active process of appropriation, and structural support from the state in the context of Puntos da Cultura. While the implementation of Puntos da cultura in Brazil has sometimes been criticized for bringing the “worst of the Internet” despite proposing computers installed with free software (Foster 2008), the approach that those three networks took is contrary, as they started from the communities themselves. Baobaxia directly associated inhabitants and included their local process of governance as documented on the baobaxia wiki in the reports of the “PAJELANÇA DO DIA 27 DE MAIO E 3 DE JUNHO DE 2013 IV ENCONTRO DA REDE MOCAMBOS” . Metareciclagem, developed processes that were not only attached to rede Mocambos, Felipe Fonseca explains very well the process and its close relation to puntos da Cultura in a Lift presentation from 2013 , where he emphasizes that some principles were set in collaboration with ministry of culture about principles such as, primacy of culture over technology, use of free software and open licences, easy accessibillity and active education. In the context of metarecliclagem, art and culture are constitutive advocated video documentation still available on you tube present the creative and educational process as a primary motivation, and motor for “Gambiarra” 
In those projects, decolonization of language are speech acts (Austin, 1962), decolonization of language functions there as performative utterances, affirmative in their cannibalistic approach. They embed a different relation in the existing technology. Important specific concepts pertaining to the domain of communication are not represented, therefore rendered difficult to use in the contemporary technological domain, significant areas of social experience are obscured from collective understanding of technology, such as ancestral indigenous conception of social organization and of consciousness. While all 3 projects value the relational and communication modalities presented in indigenous communities Tcnxsm is particularly clear in stating the ground fact that shamanism is a communication technology. Explaining Ancestrofuturismo, Fabi Borges says that indigenous knowledges have been riped out, she argues following Silvia Federici in her book Caliban and the Witch that “there has been a violent destruction of ancestral knowledge and technologies to leave space for science following monotheist principles.” Furthermore the collusion between technological intervention and the reformulation of contextual interaction has been addressed by feminists who explain that some parts of society, have been obscured from language by simply underusing or devaluating their vocabulary, overtime denying the epistemic authority of these communities. By reassessing the relation using ancestrofuturismo, Fabi Borges formulates a diffracting relation (Barad 2007), in the sense that she brings the history of technology on other terrains, allowing for an intraction modulating ancestrofuturistisc relations based on ancestral knowledges. Breaking the sense of continuity, (re)configuring the relation to space and time by developing ancestrofuturisc modalities, Ancestrofuturismo asks to rethink with and through Dis-Contuinity. This approach diffracts various temporalities and places, across the spectrum of time and space, and therefore allows us to reconfigure the scenes, from a large set of perspectives, read them through one another, and thread through one another. “Faced with this, techno + shamanism is an articulation which tries to consider this historical trauma, these lost yet not annihilated leftovers, and to recover (and reinvent) points of connection between technology and wasted ontologies,” (Borges 2016)
All 3 networks are therefore primarily cultural processes based on a form of re-apropriation very true to the Brazilian principle of Canibalist Theory. Starting there endeavor from Language, all 3 networks activate different community organization and resistance models, producing diffracting and decentralized intra-actions. The 3 projects studied here, produce a form of conceptual engineering, that aim to revise current concepts and organize technologies that can better serve resistances; reconfiguring their capacity through active use of ancestral language, and communication practices in dedicated decentralized networks.
 https://wiki.mocambos.net/wiki/NPDD/Baobáxia (last seen 07/02/2019)
 https://vimeo.com/16886067 (last seen 07/02/2019)
 Source: Em Rede – http://www.em-rede.com/site/entrevista/fabiane-m-borges-tecnoxamanismo-como-meio-de-recuperar-e-reinventar-pontos-de-conexão (last seen 07/01/2019)
CULTURAL COHERENCE IS LEADING INFRASTRUCTURE, DECENTRALIZED TECHNOLOGY A CHOICE MADE FOR COLLECTIVE ORGANIZATION.
All three projects understand decentralization as a technological process inclusive of a dedicated decisional process that follows different models of “Re-appropriation” (Fonseca 2016), and where the links to historical modalities of resistance and community organization are preserved and worked as a model of decision making for the technology.
They have made distinctive choices, forming new concepts, in the light of ancestral and community organization adapting existing technical possibilities inclusive of the ones discarded by tech monopolies. They develop decentralized server projects for their communities, but also unique eventually connected networks such as Baobaxia, implementing participatory management of servers in communities, associating technological build up to a ritualized event, reassembling technologies, exposing immense possibilities of underused technologies, transforming the usage of standard tools. They have worked out a number of technological processes at the scale of active resistance, that associate technical uniqueness to a specific cultural expression and a model of resistance. We will analyze here the technical choices and their entanglement to a specific culture and a history of resistance. We will finally propose that the specific affirmations made by those networks … to form an alternative to populism.
Decentralization has many implications, from the technical point of view it is a solution to existing problems caused by the accumulation of power in centralized monopolist tech companies, but in the experiences described here are not limited to technical choices, they do not suffice, and Singular Technologies build on many other organization capacities to form a Third Technoscape.
Decentralized software means that each instance of the software is hosted on a different server (each of them situated physically in a proxi or remote relation to the community or person(s) using the service), meaning that each hosting place, person or community organizes and determines the condition of usage of its instance of the software differently, sometimes determining clear criteria, and governance.
Decentralized technologies should be associated to community organization, but sometimes they are blind to this possibility and by building on existing infrastructure and cloud services they do not actively think about ways to reconfigure existing distribution of power in technology. While decentralization has been a major trend in the last few years, it is scarcely discussed as a possibility for a reorganization of technological practice. In this scope, the conversation needs not only to be technical as, decentralized infrastructure also implies a distributed system of decision making, and according accountability and responsibility.
Therefore decentralization allows for a diversity of identities and models of governance to happen, and coherently with the necessity of organizing the modalities of a network, decentralization needs a determined format of network organization to organize the communication between nodes and make for a useful technology.
In practical technical terms the organization of decentralization can happen along 2 major different modalities:
- Federation, where instances can be federated sharing information such as notifications according to agreed protocols of communication between the different instances, in this case each instance will then be able to display an interface presenting information from the federated network of instances. The orientation of such an network is difficult to change as it is inscribed in a preliminary agreed protocol.
- Peer to Peer networks where each node of the network is both downloading and servicing information to the network, making for a very resilient network,where any node can replace a missing one. It is difficult to search such a network without a centralized information base.
Tcnxsm Metareciclagem and Baobaxia, all have experienced decentralization technologies in many different modalities, decentralized servers, mesh networks, eventually connected networks, using both peer to peer and federated networks, always in consideration of relevant social organization and modalities of re-appropriation. Most importantly they have developed unique technologies such as the previously mentioned eventually connected network: Baobaxia. Baobaxia is a social media based on Git: a very important and otherwise widely used software, that deals with version control for large software development projects. The usage that Baobaxìa makes of Git as a basis for a social media software, is unique and very adapted to the context of the Quilombos, where access to network and electricity can be scarce. Using git as a basis, permits that users locally upload media to the “mucuas” without needing connectivity, when they do have connection they can share it to the rest of the Baobaxia federation, this way of programming is uniquely responding to the needs of remotely situated Quilombos, it has been implemented in collaboration with important local social centers part of Rede mocambos, such as Casa Taína, during dedicated workshops that took place in the different Quilombos engaging inhabitants and their local organization in a reflection on a specific practice of technology, related to the history of Quilombos; where preserving culture and organising life has been done since centuries hidding away from the oppressor. Indeed, the relation to visibility and invisibility is crucial to the history of Quilombos.
Transformative practice and affirmative resistance are the contexts set here, decentralization and the specific eventually connected network proposed by Baobaxia sitting at the fringes of mainstream technological model, freecycling its hardware components in Gambiarra and autonomizing its technology, organizing dedicated decision making processes through workshop happening in each of the 200 nodes of the network, defining its own network and proposing unique community produced media. However, complete autonomy does not exist and even less in technological domains or media practice, while the model situates itself in the context of occidental domination, it also exists in line with centuries of invisibleness and active resistance of the Quilombos, the millenial culture of indigenous people, and active resistance of other people involved, who despite minorisation have maintained their voices and a strong and unique culture.
DIFFRACTION AND RESONANCES
Making for a very notable start, they all affirm non linearity by claiming to be networks “redes” rather then software or localized community projects, for example Fabi Borges explains in an interview: “Tcnxsm is a network, it does not develop specific projects but builds from existing projects, Baobaxia is one of them. But Tcnxsm works many technologies, from radio to alternative electricity production, targeted towards autonomy; although considering autonomy as a pathway, a process that never really achieves since everything is always connected.” By this positioning not only do they set the ground for a differential model of organization a Third Technoscape, but they also foster, put in first place, autonomy of the elements of the networks and the relation between network and cultural organization, allowing for technology to be transformed by cultural practice and become a transformative practice.
“Technoshamanism is neither the beginning nor the end, it is a medium.” Tcnxsm is a space of articulation, a network.
Tcnxsm puts in question occidental civilization from its ontologies, and revokes as much the spiritual monotheist experience as much as the notion of a strict separation between species, humans and elements. It situates itself in the free culture movement and advocates for a new domain in the free culture movement, the cosmogony. In the article about ancestrofuturismo Fabi Borges explains that by affirming this she understand free culture as “liberated culture”.
This is only one aspect of the cultural positioning of Tcnxsm that of an interdisciplinary network participating to a number of domains, an open platform that aggregates different "knowledges"and environments to produce resonances within actual capitalist society.
While Subaltern studies have managed to form an occidental based critical group, the issue of fighting from a minorized perspective is far from solved, as Hamid Dabashi  explains while we cannot afford direct confrontation (the we here is to be taken from the perspective of critical thinking person) the fight ought to be permanent, and Hamid Dabashi further develops saying that it should happen on the terrain of the subalterns/minorized.
Decentralization in technologies is a self explanatory model for this situation, where each entity hosts its communication infrastructure and defines specific models for its usage and practice ensuring the appropriation of a specific model for permanent fight and permanent revolution.
INDEPENDENT ORGANIZATION INDEPENDENT LEARNING AS A TOOL TO APPROACH POPULISM CRITICALLY
Each of the project presented here has its own understanding of technology, they all identify with free software, and associate the notion of freedom not only meaning sharing sources, but also creating technology that is of liberation, we will uterly develop the different meanings of this assertion.
In the Baobaxia methodology/spirit congruence between accurate physicality of the encounter and accurate intellectual construction of the digital archive is acknowledged in many ways, would it be thinking of governance issues such as collective reflection on the space of the encounter.
"Durante as rodas de conversas e aberturas dos dias, a relação ancestralidade e tecnologia foi aprofundada na percepção da apropriação da tecnologia como uma das ferramentas para a difusão das contribuições quilombolas e comunitárias. "
"Uma Rede de Servidores Locais - a roda de conversa com o tema Baobáxia na Rota dos Baobás**, se debruçou sobre o projeto que vai estruturar uma rede de comunicação comunitária através de servidores locais , que inicialmente serão instalados em algumas comunidades para que se possa aprofundar o desenvolvimento do sistema e, a longo prazo, integrar todas as comunidades da rede Mocambos que poderão trocar conteúdo sem depender exclusivamente da internet. "
Positioning oneself is the first necessary step to take in not relying on North and South as seemingly empty signifiers, but embracing the full scope of the situation from a history of economic domination. Confronting the destruction of cultural practices as they are fed into the productivist agenda.
Baobaxia has been thought from scratch as a tool allowing to render visible history of quilombolos and mestisos, and to do such differentiating from the rising evangelist movement that has an important public visibility and promotes a severely restricted ideology.
"Mãe Beth questiona: por que os professores não foram capacitados para ensinar a história da África? Há pesquisa em povos de terreiro, os doutores passam por lá, por que não chega onde deve chegar? Falou que é importante separar relação pessoal e histórica (política) entre evangélicos e religiões de matriz afro. Os conflitos se dão localmente. "
FINANCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF THE PROJECT
Originally state financed casa de la cultura de Taina,
All demands are on line
independent organization independent learning as a tool to approach populism critically
 "Nos ressources ne nous permettent pas une confrontation narrative directe. Nous perdrions. Si nous gagnions, nous ne ferions que remplacer une théocratie catégorique par une monarchie conceptuelle. Ce qu’il nous faut donc, c’est une révolution permanente. "
Dabashi Hamid, « Je ne suis pas subalterniste », Tumultes, 2010/2 (n° 35), p. 215-235. DOI : 10.3917/tumu.035.0215. URL : https://www.cairn.info/revue-tumultes-2010-2-page-215.htm
 Em Rede – http://www.em-rede.com/site/entrevista/fabiane-m-borges-tecnoxamanismo-como-meio-de-recuperar-e-reinventar-pontos-de-conexão (last seen 07/01/2019)